The technological pedagogical content knowledge framework for teachers and teacher educators


In this paper, we present Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) as a framework for the integration of technology within teaching. Three main bodies of knowledge–technological knowledge, content knowledge, and pedagogical knowledge–inform the design of this theoretical framework. Accordingly, we describe the characteristics of these three bodies of knowledge, along with the bodies of knowledge that emerge from the interactions between and among them. In this chapter, we argue that knowing how to integrate technology emerges from an understanding both of the three main bodies of knowledge and their interactions. We believe the TPACK framework has significant implications for teachers and teacher educators; specifically, we argue that teachers should be considered “designers” of curricula, and with regards to teacher educators, we identify “learning technology by design” and activity types as two key methods for the development of TPACK.

ICT integrated teacher education: A resource book